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A major enabling device to generate regional investment and to retain and increase the number of workers in rural areas, will be the development of regional marketing and small-scale industrial centres, as expansions of existing villages or boma towns, or as new communities. It is recommended that the following communities be expanded as urban centres: Babati, Kondoa, Kilosa, Kibaya, Mpwapwa, Iringa, Manyoni and Singida.
These eight towns should act as counter-magnets to the new Capital City. They are far enough away from Dodoma (between 100 and 250 km) to act as centres for increased economic activity in their own sub-regions, and are still near enough to maintain ready communications with the Capital. The current populations of these towns range from a low of 2,200 inhabitants in Babati and Kibaya, to a high of 33,800 in Iringa. Population projections indicate that in 1985, their populations will range from about 5,000 to 80,000. By the year 2,000, Iringa could have a population as large as 150,000 inhabitants, while the smaller towns such as Kibaya could reach 20,000.
Investment in these expanding towns should be related to, but of course not be at the same level as that in the Capital.
At a more localized level, between the expanded towns and the general pattern of villages, certain key villages should be developed as rural marketing and smaller-scale industrial centres. In the area around Dodoma, the villages of Kigwe, Kikombo and Mwitikira, of which only Kikombo lies inside the Capital City District (Urban), are recommended as such key villages or growth centres. It is expected that, with an appropriate investment programme, their populations could approach the 10,000 inhabitants level during the next decade.
Kikombo (population 3,400 in 1974), due to its location on the railway, has always been a minor trading centre. It lies in a relatively rich agricultural area, especially to its south and west, and the village should become the centre of agricultural support industries, fabricating wooden and metallic parts of farm machinery, granaries and simple irrigation devices.
Kikombo lies at the eastern extremity of the longrange urban expansion area of the Capital City, in the Ihumwa area. Should the Capital eventually grow to a population in the order of one million (which is not recommended in this Master Plan, but must be regarded as a possibility), Kikombo should become a "residential community" in the urban context. For this reason, a physical master plan should be prepared for Kikombo, which will ensure that its growth will be such that it will eventually become a modified residential community.
Hombolo is recommended as yet another growth centre within the Capital City District (Urban). Its location on Hombolo Lake, at the foot of the Hombolo Hills and its direct landscape link to Dodoma via the ridge which parallels the Lake, make it an obvious choice as a recreational and conservation education centre for the Capital. It is therefore recommended that Hombolo be designated as a growth centre within the Capital City District (Urban), with special emphasis on the development of its recreational and educational potentials.
The above-mentioned expanded towns should be linked to the Capital by means of good, paved roads. Most of them are already located on trunk routes, and these should be improved.
The development of a feeder road system should also be given priority, to serve the major agricultural areas, especially the maize and wheat belt in the north.
The basic recommendation with regards to the Capital's impact region is, therefore, to develop a hierarchy of settlements, ranging from the Capital City at one end of the scale, to the smallest village at the other, with a gradation of towns and villages in between. In this context, the decision to build the new Capital at Dodoma is a means of bringing new resources, markets and enterprises to the region as a whole.
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