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       Chapter X: Implementation

Urban Development Staging

This is a menu of the topics on this page (click on any): URBAN DEVELOPMENT STAGING    Stage I    Stage II, 1981-1985    Stage 111, 1986-2000    General Staging Factors   .


The growth of the Capital City should be staged in a manner which meets the requirements of the growing population and is economical in terms of the expenditure of public funds. The rates of expansion of the different components of the Capital City — government offices, housing, community facilities and services, industries and transportation — must be in harmony with each other, so that the city will function properly at all times.

The provision of sanitary sewers, water supply, storm drainage facilities, utilities, roads and the busway should be the major determinants of the city's rate of growth. In other words, houses, offices and shops should not be allowed to be built in areas where these essential services have not yet been installed. The sanitary sewers and disposal facilities, and water supply pipes are the most complex and costly components and the rate at which these can be constructed should generally govern the extent of urban growth.

The provision of an adequate sanitary sewerage and water supply system into the existing town of Dodoma should be regarded as a first priority. Servicing of this area should at least occur simultaneously with that of new neighbourhoods. Otherwise, the existing town could quickly become a less desirable part of the city, to the detriment of its residents.

In this context, the urban renewal programme for existing Dodoma, recommended in this Master Plan, should be initiated as soon as possible. This programme not only pertains to the provision of essential services, but also to such matters as the improvements and relocation of streets, the development of an open space system, removal, redevelopment and rehabilitation of existing houses and other buildings, and to the construction of new houses and community facilities.

The area designated for government offices, at the southerly edge of existing Dodoma, should also be serviced at an early date, to facilitate the continuing influx of new ministries and organizations. plate20

Stage I

Stage I embraces the existing town, the new residential areas to the north of the town, the A Centre and government office area to the south, and the Kikuyu residential community centred on the Mazengo School. This total area is intended to acccommodate 91,500 residents, including the 45,000 existing population of Dodoma.

The following government ministries and organizations have already moved into Dodoma:1

Ministry of Capital Development

Capital Development Authority

The Prime Minister's Office

TANU National Headquarters

The ministries and organizations which are expected to move to the new Capital between 1975 and 1980 are:

Speaker's Office

Permanent Commission of Enquiry

Ministry of Works

Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban


Ministry of Water Development and Power

Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism

Ministry of Agriculture

By 1980, it is expected that about 40% of the ministry staff will be located in the new Capital. The balance will move during the following five years.

During Stage I, the existing industrial area between Morogoro Road and the railway will be The titles of the organizations used in this section were those in effect during the preparation of the pian. See the Glossary for the revised list of ministry titles. extended. In addition, several new and relocated industries should be established in the westerly industrial park, between Manyoni Road and the railway. Plans are presently being prepared based on a phased servicing programme.

During Stage I, the residential area north of the existing airport will be developed, in terms of upgrading existing houses and facilities, and new neighbourhoods. It is clear that, as long as the airport remains in its present location, it will be relatively difficult to integrate this northerly residential area into the total urban fabric. The new airport to the north of the Capital, however, will probably not be constructed until after 1980.

A temporary sewage treatment and disposal facility will be constructed in the vicinity of Mlimwa. This will be phased out again as soon as the permanent water reclamation plant to the north-east of the city has been completed.

A sanitary trunk sewer system should be constructed to the existing town, subsequently to be extended to the government office area and the Kikuyu residential community to the south. This system should enable all parts of the Stage I area to be serviced by piped sewage collection. Water supply facilities should similarly be improved and extended into all parts of the Stage I area. The existing roads in the town should be improved and in some cases relocated, in conjunction with new road construction throughout the Stage I area.

It is anticipated that during the period 1975-1980 all parts of the existing town and the new development areas will be serviced by a full range of urban services and community facilities. In the Capital Development Programme, First Five Years (1975-1980), Capital Development Authority, Board Paper No. 2/1975 (Revised March 1975), the detailed development programme for Stage I broken down into five annual phases, is fully described. plate19

Stage II, 1981-1985

During Stage II, urban development is proposed to take place to the north-west and to the east of the Stage I area. It embraces a small residential area north of Manyoni Road, part of the west industrial park and two and a half residential communities to the east of Stage I, south of Morogoro Road. It will accommodate an additional population of about 78,500, bringing the Capital City's total population by 1985 to about 170,000.

The prime purpose of the westerly development during Stage II is to extend urban services to the industrial park. The major residential growth should be to the east, to accomplish an early linkage between the National Capital Centre area, including the TANU Headquarters/Parliament Buildings, and the residential areas of the city.

Stage 111, 1986-2000

No detailed staging programme has yet been prepared for development beyond 1985. It is recommended that such a programme, for the period 1986-1990, be initiated towards the end of Stage I, so that the experience and performance of the first five years can be used as a basis.

19. Urban Development Staging

General Staging Factors

The recommended staging programme is not intended to be rigidly adhered to. It is, instead, a means of identifying the sequence of implementing the different areas of the city, for the purpose of initiating the development process and to enable the preparation of budgets. The programme should periodically be reviewed and, if necessary, revised in the light of past performance and current requirements. Subject to such revisions, however, the Capital Development Authority should generally ensure that each stage is substantially completed, before additional lands are opened up for new urban development.

The report Capital Development Programme, First Five Years (1975-1980) describes the recommendations for the development of all components of Stage I, related to the employment and population forecasts, resulting from the relocation of government ministries and organizations from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma. It includes details regarding housing, schools and other community facilities, and office, commercial and industrial space, as well as engineering services, transportation, utilities and landscaping requirements. It also includes cost estimates. Such detailed programme items should also be included in the subsequent 5-year programmes.

The landscape qualities and erosion control programmes for the Capital City District (Urban) will require the continuous planting of great numbers of new trees for many years to come. To this end, one or more tree nurseries should be established as soon as possible, to ensure an adequate supply of young trees.

Regional improvement and development should be closely coordinated with the growth of the Capital City. While this Master Plan does not include extensive and detailed plans for the rural parts of the Capital City District (Urban) nor for the balance of the impact region, the Capital Development Authority should initiate the preparation and implementation of such plans as soon as possible. For this purpose, consideration should be given to the establishment of a special staff unit within the Authority which, in close cooperation with other national and regional organizations, will be responsible for regional programmes.

The completion of the Master Plan is but the first step in the process of Capital City building, which will span many years. The Plan is comprehensive and addresses itself to all the major components of the city and its surroundings. At this time, it represents the views and aspirations, about what the Capital should be, of all the many people and organizations, in Tanzania and elsewhere, who have contributed to it. However, Tanzania's social values evolve continuously and the nation's economic situation and resources are never static. The Master Plan will, therefore, have to be under continuous review, so that it will always remain current and capable of meeting the needs of people of Tanzania.

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Copyright: Project Planning Associates Limited, Toronto, Canada, directed by Mr. Macklin Hancock and recipient "The Government of Tanzania, Capital Development Authority under the auspices of Mr. George Kahama.".